Barbizon2018-12-04T17:12:40+00:00

Project Description

BARBIZON SCHOOL

 The Barbizon School is a mid-19th century French school of naturalistic landscape painters. The school takes its name from the village of Barbizon, thirty miles southeast of Paris in the Fontainebleau Forest, a center for plein–air painting. 

The Barbizon School is a mid-19th century French school of naturalistic landscape painters. The school takes its name from the village of Barbizon, thirty miles southeast of Paris in the Fontainebleau Forest, a center for plein–air painting. The central figure of the school, Théodore Rousseau, first visited Barbizon in 1833 and paid frequent visits before settling there in 1848. Jean-François Millet joined him in 1849, and eventually a colony of artists began settling and visiting there.

These included Jules Dupré, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Narcisse Virgile Díaz de la Peña, Charles-François Daubigny, François Louis Français, Charles-Émile Jacque, Henri Harpignies and Constant Troyon. An early Romantic orientation gave way to a Realist endeavor to paint landscape and peasant life directly from nature. The principal influences on the school were the Dutch 17th century masters, especially Salomon van Ruysdael and Meindert Hobbema, and the English painters John Constable, RA and Richard Parkes Bonington. The Barbizon painters were colorists; they had learned with the help of Constable and Eugène Delacroix that the shimmering details of nature defied the academic ideal of high finish and could only be caught with loose summary brushstrokes of contrasting color. This is exemplified by the work of Rousseau, Diaz, and Dupré, and was taken to the threshold of true Impressionism in Daubigny’s later paintings.

The Barbizon painters were initially rejected by the Salon and persecuted by the Academicians. Their acceptance by the art establishment began around the mid-1850s. Their popularity rose so steeply that a succeeding generation including Breton, L’Hermitte and Bastien-Lepage could make dazzling academic careers with paintings of rural life that closely imitated the Barbizon masters. Many Impressionists also found their early inspiration in the plein–air painting of Barbizon School; Monet, Renoir, Sisley, Seurat, Cezanne and Bazille all worked there for a time. The school also exerted a powerful international influence. By the turn of the century, Barbizon was the most fashionable “modern” school in the international art market.

2018-12-04T16:58:17+00:00

DIAZ
Premières Tentations

2018-12-04T16:58:24+00:00

MILLET
Laitière sortant de l'étable un seau à la main

2018-12-04T16:58:38+00:00

COROT
Corot.Fontainebleau - Chênes inclinés dans une Éclaircie de forêt

2018-12-04T17:00:22+00:00

DIAZ
A Wood Gatherer in the Forest, 1866

2018-12-04T17:00:30+00:00

TROYON
Troupeau et berger à l'abreuvoir en forêt

2018-12-04T17:00:39+00:00

JACQUE
Le Repos de la bergère et son troupeau, 1869

2018-12-04T17:00:48+00:00

HARPIGNIES
La Grave Affaire, 1899