Henri Matisse2018-12-04T17:06:51+00:00

Project Description

HENRY MATISSE

Henri Matisse (1869–1954) was known for the expressive color and form of his Fauvist style. Although his subjects were traditional – nudes, figures in landscapes, portraits, interior viewshis revolutionary use of brilliant color and exaggerated form to express emotion made him one of the most influential artists of the 20thcentury.

Henri Matisse (1869–1954)

Henri Matisse was a revolutionary and influential artist of the early 20th century, best known for the expressive color and form of his Fauvist style. Over a six-decade career, he worked in all media, from painting to sculpture to printmaking. Although his subjects were traditional – nudes, figures in landscapes, portraits, interior viewshis revolutionary use of brilliant color and exaggerated form to express emotion made him one of the most influential artists of the 20thcentury.

Painting in the style that came to be known as Fauvism, Matisse continued to emphasize the emotional power of sinuous lines, strong brushwork and acid-bright colors. Like much of Matisse’s mature work, these scenes capture a mood rather than merely trying to depict the world realistically. After finding his own style, Matisse enjoyed a greater degree of success, traveling for inspiration. In his works of the 1910s and 1920s, Matisse continued with signature elements of saturated colors, flattened pictorial space, limited detail and strong outlines. From 1918-30, he most frequently painted female nudes in carefully staged settings within his studio, making use of warm lighting and patterned backgrounds. He also worked extensively in printmaking during these years.

After surgery in 1941, Matisse was often bedridden; however, he continued to work from a bed in his studio. His late work was just as experimental and vibrant as his earlier artistic breakthroughs had been.

Museum collections featuring works by this artist include:

  • Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois
  • Ashmolean Museum of Art, England
  • Baltimore Museum of Art, Maryland
  • Barnes Foundation, Philadelphia
  • Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio
  • Courtauld Institute of Art, London
  • Dallas Museum of Art, Texas
  • Eskenazi Museum of Art at Indiana University
  • Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, California
  • Harvard Art Museums, Massachusetts
  • Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg
  • Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C.
  • Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth
  • Kunsthaus Zürich, Switzerland
  • Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland
  • Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California
  • Matisse Museum, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, France
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
  • Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minnesota
  • Musée d’Art Moderne de Céret, France
  • Musée de Grenoble, France
  • Musée de l’Orangerie, Paris
  • Musée des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux
  • Musée Matisse, Nice
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
  • Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
  • Museum of Modern Art, New York
  • National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
  • National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
  • National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
  • National Gallery, London
  • Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena
  • Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania
  • Pushkin Museum of Fine Art, Moscow
  • Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels
  • Saint Louis Art Museum, Missouri
  • San Diego Museum of Art, California
  • Santa Barbara Museum of Art, California
  • São Paulo Museum of Art, Brazil
  • Scottish National Gallery, Edinburgh
  • Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago
  • Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
  • Tate Modern, London
  • Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid
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Jeune fille en robe fleurie au col d'organdi, 1923

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Illustration from Poésies Antillaises,
1972

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Pasiphaé - Bête à Cornets - XI,
1944

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Illustration from Florilège des Amours -
J'Aime Marie, 1948