Joan Miró (1893-1983) was a Spanish painter, sculptor and ceramicist, and is easily one of the most distinctive and recognizable artists of the 20th century. His explosive yet childlike style revolutionized the artistic medium, forever changing the visual landscape of modern art.
Joan Miró (1893-1983)
Joan Miró was a Spanish painter, sculptor and ceramicist, and is easily one of the most distinctive and recognizable artists of the 20th century. His explosive yet childlike style revolutionized the artistic medium, forever changing the visual landscape of modern art.
Although he derived his own visual vocabulary from nature, Miró’s works are frequently viewed as abstract compositions, an effect that is enhanced by his vivid palette. More than any of his contemporaries, Miró’s iconography forms a bridge between figurative and abstract imagery, and had a profound influence on succeeding generations of artists. Miró’s sparse lyrical canvases of the 1920’s and 30’s catapulted him to the fore of the Surrealist movement. In a classification that persists, he and his work stand apart as unique. The Surrealist precept of automatism (allowing the subconscious to dictate forms) helped to fuel his vivid imagination throughout his career, leading him to spawn sensuous biomorphic imagery with universal appeal. Miró did identify strongly with the Surrealist poets, finding the inspiration he sought for his own efforts in their writings.
Miró enjoyed not only breaking stylistic and visual boundaries, but also the limits of the mediums. He enthusiastically combined paint, pencil, crayon, gouache and lithograph to produce unique works of art. Earning international acclaim, his work has been interpreted as a re-creation of the childlike, and a manifestation of Catalan pride. In numerous interviews dating from the 1930s onwards, Miró expressed contempt for conventional painting methods as a way of supporting bourgeois society, and famously declared an “assassination of painting” in favor ofupsetting the visual elements of established painting.
Museum collections featuring works by this artist include:
- Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois
- Centre Georges Pompidou,Paris
- Dallas Museum of Art, Texas
- Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, California
- Fukuoka Art Museum, Japan
- Fundació Miró Mallorca, Spain
- Fundació Suñol, Barcelona
- Fundación Proa, Buenos Aires
- Fundación Telefónica, Chile
- Harvard University Art Museums, Massachusetts
- Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C.
- Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas
- Kunstmuseum Basel, Switzerland
- Lille Métropole Museum of Modern, Contemporary and Outsider Art, France
- Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California
- Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
- Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, St. Louis
- Milwaukee Art Museum, Wisconsin
- Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, France
- Musée des Beaux-Arts de Montréal, Québec
- Museo del Territorio Biellese, Italy
- Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
- Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires
- Museo Patio Herreriano de Valladolid, Spain
- Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, Rio de Janeiro
- Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam
- Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
- Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
- Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
- Museum of Modern Art, New York
- National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
- National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
- National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
- Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
- Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania
- Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels
- Scottish National Gallery, Edinburgh
- Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington D.C.
- Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
- Tate, London
- Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid
- Van Abbemuseum, Netherlands
- Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven